The four main reasons why our skin ages


Among the most obvious signs of aging is our skin. As we grow older and experience more of life, time leaves its mark in the form of wrinkles, pigmentation spots and diminishing elasticity. Scientists have found that it summarizes 4 different reasons there are that influence the aging of our skin.

These are our genes, body fat, especially abdominal fat, free radicals and hormone levels. A distinction is also made here between intrinsic (coming from within) factors and extrinsic (external) influences.

We cannot influence our genes

The first influencing factor, the Gene, unfortunately cannot be influenced by us; they are an intrinsic and innate endowment. The good news, however, is that they contribute only about one-third to skin aging. We can control the other 66% to a certain extent with our lifestyle.

Our lifestyle can be influenced

A healthy lifestyle and a responsible approach to one’s own body influence, among other things, the amount of so-called “free radicals, which acts on our body.

Thereby it is also spoken of oxidative stress spoken. Free radicals are decomposition products of various metabolic processes, which in the cells by their reactivity and aggressiveness irreversible damage to DNA and other cell components. Environmental influences can cause the development of such highly reactive free radicals in the body. The most important of these include smoking and alcohol, diet and UV radiation. Sufficient sun protection and avoidance of cigarettes and alcohol therefore already contribute significantly to the preservation of beautiful, youthful skin.

The antagonist of the free radicals are the Antioxidants. These can reduce the oxidative effect of the free radicals inactivate and thus render them harmless. Our body can produce many different antioxidants itself, but it needs trace elements such as selenium and zinc to support it. Other antioxidants are found in our diet in the form of vitamins, e.g. vitamins C and E, or as secondary plant compounds. So here plays a varied diet an important role.

The percentage of fat in the body plays an essential role

An intrinsic factor, which can, however, be specifically influenced by us, is the proportion of Body fat and abdominal fat. Fat cells, especially those in the abdominal region, produce degradation substances which negative effects on blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol and our vascular system. These in turn have a negative effect on the appearance of the skin, among other things, as it is essential for the skin’s appearance that it is sufficiently supplied with blood, nutrients and fluids. Through a weaker blood circulation and supply the skin is less able to protect itself against environmental influences.

Psychological stress, which can be triggered by work, family or difficult life situations, is also a problem. The effects of negative stress should not be underestimated. During stress, the body releases the stress hormone cortisol which on the one hand promotes the formation of abdominal fat and on the other hand negatively influences blood values such as blood sugar and blood pressure. Permanent stress, possibly additionally accompanied by lack of sleep, therefore has a favorable effect on premature skin aging.

Hormones influence our entire body

The fourth essential factor for the aging process are our hormones. Especially the female sex hormone, the Estrogen, is responsible for the skin’s ability to retain moisture, making it appear plump and healthy. If less moisture is stored, the skin can dry out more easily. This results in the formation of small wrinkles.

4 reasons why our skin ages

If hormone levels drop with age, the skin’s Collagen scaffold and the elasticity of our skin decrease. The individual skin layers become thinner, which also leads to poorer blood circulation, and resistance is increasingly reduced. As a result, environmental influences such as UV light can cause damage even more easily.

All factors count…

So it is a matter of Interplay of the individual factorswhich ultimately set the aging process of the skin in motion. The first damage usually becomes visible around the age of 40.

But what to do when the skin shows the first signs of its age and wrinkles and pigmentation spots appear? Healthy lifestyle and exercise can help prevent future damage. – But what can be done about those that already exist? Dr. Martha Bernard offers in her ordination various invasive and non-invasive options to improve the appearance of the skin again. She has many years of experience in aesthetic plastic surgery and works with the most modern methods and equipment.

One example is the so-called Laser facelift, a method of aesthetic surgery in which the skin is treated with an ultra-modern special laser without performing a surgical procedure. With this special laser therapy, for example, small wrinkles, spider veins, acne scars or pigment spots can be removed gently and quickly. The treatment can be performed on an outpatient basis and represents a good alternative to the classic surgical facelift represents.