Observe skin changes and intervene in time


An attractive body shape is not the only criterion that makes people appear beautiful – a healthy and well-groomed appearance is also part of it, which is expressed, among other things, in the condition and appearance of the skin.

Many people desire an even complexion and firm skin, but with each passing day, the skin ages. Three decisive factors for skin aging are, in addition to the progressive Age, the Way of life, the Gene and the UV radiation.

Our skin is thus constantly changing. Not only for cosmetic reasons, but especially for health reasons, it is advisable that you recognize skin changes at an early stage. Apart from conspicuous moles and liver spots, malignant tumors can also develop, which should definitely be surgically removed. Otherwise, they can lead to serious diseases and even death.

How does a dangerous skin lesion develop?

Everyone should regularly look at themselves in the mirror in order to be able to recognize skin changes at an early stage. Especially people who enjoy or have enjoyed a lot of UV radiation should proceed carefully. The areas that are strongly exposed to sunlight, such as the head (especially the nose, lips, forehead and scalp), arms and back are particularly frequently affected by skin tumors.

Care should be taken if the skin suddenly shows one or more spots. Skin changes with crusting or red edges should also be clarified with a dermatologist. This does not have to be anything bad, but it can be or still become.

Diseases such as rheumatism or diabetes can also be the trigger of skin changes. Rheumatism, for example, can cause thickened red patches on the skin. This means that some diseases can be recognized by changes in the skin.

How do I recognize dangerous skin changes?

The actinic keratosis for example, is an early stage of light skin cancer. It is noticeable by skin-colored or reddish, rough patches. As it progresses, these can develop into gray-brown, reddish, and keratinized nodules and thus into squamous cell carcinomas. Spinalioma, which is not uncommon, can be recognized by scaly, crusted or keratinized areas that become rough nodules.

Among the semi-malignant tumors is the Basal cell carcinoma, which can grow into adjacent tissue and damage cartilage tissue and bone. It is ulcer-like, nodular and scar-like. Heavily feared for its aggressiveness and malignancy is black skin cancer.

If you are wondering how to recognize black skin cancer yourself, the ABCDE rule Help you to distinguish it from harmless birthmarks:

  • asymmetric shape
  • Boundary that is irregular
  • Colorite or an irregular coloring
  • Diameter of more than 5 millimeters
  • Elevation of the skin change in the form of a protrusion

When do I need to see a doctor?

Who unusual skin changes notices unusual skin changes on his body, should not be afraid to have them clarified by a doctor. Black skin cancer in particular entails dangerous health risks that can even lead to death.

Even if you cannot detect any skin changes yourself, it is advisable to have a so-called skin screening or skin cancer screening performed once a year. This examination is recommended at any age, but especially for people over 35.

During an examination with Dr. Martha Bernard, specialist in plastic and aesthetic surgery, clarity can be obtained. She thoroughly examines skin changes and, if necessary, takes a tissue sample, also called a biopsy, to confirm the diagnosis.

Removal of skin changes

Usually, the removal of skin lesions requires only an outpatient surgery with a local anesthetic. This also results in no or only very short downtime at work. If multiple treatments or major procedures are necessary, an inpatient stay may be required.

Dr. Martha Bernard performs inpatient and major surgeries adeptly at the Iatros Clinic or at the Diakoniewerk in Munich. She has extensive experience in this field thanks to her work in reconstructive surgery clinics with a focus on facial surgery. Therefore, the results of her work can convince not only from the health perspective, but also by the appealing aesthetic result.