New trend: Bleaching for perfect gums

A beautiful smile includes not only sparkling clean teeth but also healthy gums. Ideally, they should be firm and pale pink. And if that’s not the case, there’s a lot you can do about it. The latest trend from the USA: gum bleaching.

Dr. Beate Jürgens, a dentist from Düsseldorf, Germany, has lived and worked with her family in California for several years, since she was also licensed there as a dentist. She is still in lively exchange with her American colleagues, who are Gum Bleaching have been using for a long time. She explains how it works and what to look out for.

Dr. Jürgens: “Some people have genetically different thick and/or pigmented gums. The ratio of white (teeth) to red (gums) tissue is automatically the eye-catcher when you first laugh. If there is an excess of gum tissue – a so-called ‘gummy smile’ or if the gums are darkly discolored, those affected often experience an aesthetic discomfort or uncertainty when laughing.” For about half a year now, Dr. Jürgens has also been observing the trend towards the “gum bleaching” – bleaching the gums.

Rosy times: Gum bleaching

The ambitious dentist makes it clear: “Of course, it depends on why the gums are discolored when it comes to bleaching treatment.” Natural pigmentation with melanin, for example, is the rule in dark-skinned people, she says. In this case, a bleaching treatment helps in the sense of a Dermabrasion with a specially developed gel for gentle removal of the uppermost mucosal layers and thus also pigmentation.

“Sometimes the dark spots on the gums come from amalgam fillings, which can settle into the gums in a minimal form, for example, during a root-tip treatment,” she explains further. These sit deeper and would usually have to be surgically removed. And that’s not all! In addition, there are now also intentional tattoos in the oral cavity. Jürgens suspects: “Probably – just as in dermatology – a growing number of patients will approach us who later want to have the tattoo in the gums removed again.”

Correctly treat discoloration of the gums

As a treatment method, Dr. Jürgens recommends either laser therapy or microdermabrasion: “This involves gently removing the top layer of skin, known as the epithelium, with a special peeling device.” In the case of discoloration caused by an old Amalgam filling it is advisable to sanitize the tooth first, before taking care of the gum discoloration. The amalgam tattoo is, as reported by the professional media, a benign and, apart from the cosmetic aspect, asymptomatic change of the gums. Oral mucosa. No cases of a toxic effect are yet known and therefore no therapy is necessarily required. Not even ten percent of adults are affected by these unsightly dark, mostly grayish spots in the gums. However, tissue removal or surgical excision with subsequent histological examination may be indicated if malignant (i.e., malignant) forms of the Gum discoloration to be excluded. The amalgam tattoos can generally be removed without any problems, according to Dr. Jürgens.

Gum tattoos

A much greater challenge is the removal of tattoos that have been stitched into the oral mucosa using a paint gun (like an ordinary tattoo). For example, Musikexpress recently reported on a Melbourne body modification artist who inked a client’s entire gums black. “That’s really extreme! And whether it’s beautiful is a matter of taste. But especially with young people, tastes can change over time,” Dr. Beate Jürgens knows. And further: “Then the lament is great and it is painful and expensive to undo the gum tattoo.” Sometimes food coloring is used for stinging gum tattoos, Jürgens said: “With that, you then have at least a small chance that the tattoo will fade on its own.” That depends on how deep the ink was pierced, he said.

Red alert!

However, Dr. Jürgens, the first German specialist for esthetics and function in dentistry (DGÄZ), still sees the biggest problem with unsightly gums in poor oral hygiene and the consequences thereof. Inflamed, reddened and bloody Gums simply looks sick and ugly. In addition, it “disappears” uncontrollably and leaves exposed tooth roots. “This is really a red alert! Just a few days ago, the dental association confirmed that 80 percent of adults in Germany still suffer from periodontitis (bone bed inflammation around the teeth).”

The disease is the further development from a Gingivitis (gingivitis), which is initially harmless and can be quickly regenerated by everyone using other aids such as dental floss or interdental brushes in addition to the toothbrush for the interdental spaces. “If the gum pockets become deeper, it becomes increasingly difficult to keep the area clean. Unfortunately, that’s where bacteria have an easy time,” Dr. Jürgens reports. This profound inflammatory process starts at the age of 40 and, in the worst case scenario, leads to Bone recession and tooth loss. But also to other bad influences on the overall physical health.

Professional treatment

She regrets: “Unfortunately, supplementing the often inadequate oral hygiene at home with professional oral hygiene in the dental practice is not a statutory health insurance benefit. Although worldwide studies prove that individual Preventive care to better Oral Health leads. If we went for professional dental cleaning (PZR) every three months from the start of life, as in Scandinavian countries, for example, the number of cases of caries and periodontitis would certainly decline.” Conclusion: It’s better to do without a pair of shoes and treat yourself to an appointment for a PZR every quarter…

Text: Bettina Sewald

Photo: Matula