Melantonin, pregnenolone & co. – that pushes the hormone system

Hormone levels can be pushed, but also driven down quite a bit by some factors. Three things, are what cause the hormone system to drop in a flash: Alcohol and nicotine, obesity and too little exercise. Larger amounts of wine and beer, for example, upset the estrogen balance and raise the DHEA value…

Nicotine, on the other hand, constricts blood vessels, which leads to higher levels of stress hormones in the blood and simultaneously lowers DHEA levels in the blood. Obesity means too much fat in the body. Female adipose tissue, along with the ovaries, is the largest estrogen producer in the body. However, a permanently elevated estrogen level upsets the balance of the hormone system in the body. Those who do not exercise enough risk an undersupply of nutrients to the cells and a reduction in hormone levels, for example of the growth hormone, which is so important in terms of anti-aging.

Fit in the head: pregnenolone

Pregnenolone is the parent substance of sex hormones, stress hormones such as cortisol and epinephrine, and DHEA. If necessary, pregnenolone can even be converted into progesterone or DHEA. For example, in the case of illness, major physical or psychological stress, or during menopause. Pregnenolone supports the gray cells, increases the ability to concentrate and even has a soothing effect on anxiety. It can be an alternative in hormone replacement therapy during menopause if you do not want to take estrogens due to a family history or other concerns. By the way: Pregnenolone also seems to have a positive influence on rheumatic diseases.

Therapy: daily50 to 100 mg pregnenolone

Good for hormone levels: Less fat more HGH

More beautiful, healthier, slimmer in your sleep – this is not a sweet dream but reality. Because while we are blissfully asleep, the pituitary gland produces a particularly large amount of growth hormone, also known as somatotropin (STH) or human growth hormone (HGH). It makes muscles grow, reduces fat cells, makes the skin smoother, tightens connective tissue, promotes wound healing and even makes for thicker, more beautiful hair. Recent studies show that in overweight people, the level of somatotropin in the blood is considerably lower than in people of normal weight. Of course, deep and sufficient sleep is also important, because growth hormone is released more during the deep sleep phase.

Therapy:Growth hormone injections, dosage individual.

Alternative: The amino acids arginine, lysine, and ornithine in the evening before bedtime as stimulants for growth hormone production (e.g., in milk and lean dairy products such as yogurt and cottage cheese, in eggs, poultry, fish, and seafood), which should ideally be combined with vitamin C. Dinner cancelling starting at 5 p.m. And very important: exercise.

Good night: melatonin

Melatonin became famous as a miracle drug against jet-lag because it helps the body to regain a sleep-wake rhythm despite different time zones. Melatonin virtually leads the body into a mini hibernation every night by promoting falling asleep and staying asleep, lowering blood pressure, lowering body temperature and regulating insulin levels. In this endogenous energy-saving mode, melatonin acts as an important cell-protection factor, even far more potent than known free-radical scavengers such as vitamins E and C. According to the latest studies, melatonin also reduces the risk of heart attack and prevents the growth of tumors. Important: adrenaline, the stress and attention hormone, is an antagonist of melatonin. In the evening, therefore, avoid reading a detective story in bed or watching a psychological thriller on TV and, if possible, do not exercise later in the evening. And: dim down bright light, it slows down the release of melatonin.

Therapy: 1.5 to 3 mg of melachron (sustained-release form of melatonin because it has a half-life of only 30 minutes) in the evening before bedtime.

Alternative: In the evening, preferably nibble pumpkin seeds, almonds or peanuts. Also good: protein from soybeans, poultry and dairy products.

Strong immune system: DHEA level

DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) is the parent subtance for many hormones (including estrogen and testosterone) and the antagonist of the stress hormone cortisol. DHEA thus acts like a protective coat on the nerves, promotes the ability to concentrate and protects against depression. In the mid-20s, the DHEA level in the body is at its highest; from the age of 40, it decreases dramatically.

DHEA also strengthens the immune system and is a true body shaper. Because it tightens the skin, prevents cellulite, helps build muscle and stimulates fat loss. DHEA watches over whether excess calories are burned up as heat or go into storage, i.e. onto the hips. Beware of overdose: in women, the hormone can lead to beard growth, a deeper voice and acne.

Therapy: 15 to 50 mg DHEA in the morning ½ hour before breakfast in the form of a capsule.

Alternative: Extracts from yam root, unsaturated fatty acids (found in olive, canola, flax, walnut and wheat germ oils, nuts, avocados, and fatty sea fish such as salmon, tuna, herring or mackerel).

Photos: Joel Muniz, Brooke Lark, Svet Demenok