Is beauty measurable? Science to the ideal of the female breast


Is beauty really measurable? From the human-subjective point of view probably not. And yet attractiveness, beauty and harmony of the individual body regions can certainly be defined mathematically. This ideal is calculated with the help of the “golden section”, which is applied in the context of so-called attractiveness research: Not only can the proportions of a face that is perceived as beautiful be traced and described in this way, but the ideal of the female breast has also already been the subject of research.

Even if beauty always lies in the eye of the beholder, some factors can nevertheless be named that make up a beautiful breast and make it appear aesthetic – regardless of its size!

Breast asymmetry – one of the most common “malformations” of the female breast.

The aforementioned attractiveness research aims to prove that beauty and attraction are not only a matter of opinion, but can be partially controlled. Especially the face as well as the breasts can be measured and thus the ideal distribution can be calculated. Thereby the volume above and below the nipple should have a certain ratio in order to be considered beautiful. And so the realization can be derived from this that beauty is not so much an exceptional marginal phenomenon as owed to the average, or rather: the golden ratio.

In the course of pubertal development, the female breast grows under the influence of the sex hormones, primarily due to the increase in estrogen. As a result, the volume of the breast increases in connective tissue and fat, and the glandular ducts begin to form. Although breast growth is completed by the age of 21, the development of the mammary glands is not complete until after pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Did you know?

More than 90% of all female breasts are not symmetrical in size, position, shape and volume. In up to 10% there is even a significant asymmetry of the breasts and in about a quarter the difference is even one cup size. So anyone who notices an asymmetry is by no means alone.

Probably the most important and significant factor for a woman, is the aesthetic point. Asymmetrical breasts are partly concealed or hidden. Rarely, however, asymmetry has side effects on our well-being. In rare cases, tension and headaches can occur with a large asymmetry. As a result, many women decide to have cosmetic surgery or adjustment of the breasts.

Are larger breasts automatically more beautiful?

Large and shapely breasts embody femininity in women – at least that’s what the media and a large portion of glossy magazines tell us. Consequently, we try to make our bust size look bigger through certain underwear, surgeries and tricks. However, the belief that men are only into big breasts is not necessarily confirmed. A survey of men revealed a completely different result here than initially assumed. For many, the harmony between body and breast is crucial.

The surprising finding: large breasts are not automatically perceived as more beautiful and/or attractive. Shape and proportions are still ahead of the quantitative factor. Cup size is therefore superficially less relevant than the ratio and proportions of the breasts: according to research findings, for example, a female breast is perceived as particularly beautiful if 45% of the breast volume is above the nipple meridian (an imaginary line running through the nipple) and 55% of the breast volume is below it. The nipple should also point upwards at a medium angle.

“Of course, women can get ideas from magazines and lifestyle magazines. Many come to our practice with these to better illustrate their image of the dream bust. However, each breast is unique, and the goal is therefore not an unrealistic copy of a Photoshop edit, but to see and correct the breast individually in such a way as to achieve the most natural result possible that fits the overall stature. Sometimes a breast lift is sufficient to eliminate breast asymmetry, for example, sometimes it is a breast augmentation or reduction. This is why the detailed preliminary consultations are so crucial, in order to analyze the actual condition precisely and to find and successfully carry out the right treatment steps in the patient’s best interests.”

Doctor for plastic and aesthetic surgery in Munich, Dr. Martha Bernard.