Forever young thanks to anti-aging medicine?

In anti-aging medicine, intensive research has been conducted for many years on how to age as long as possible in a healthy and fit manner. Forever young – is that possible?

At the same time, there is a real boom in promises when it comes to the topic of “Forever young”. Are the promises of anti-aging medicine more of a wish or a reality? This question is the subject of Podcast Episode 004 – a conversation with the anti-aging expert Professor Bernd Kleine-Gunk.

There are few experts who have dealt with the topic of aging as intensively as gynecologist Professor Bernd Kleine-Gunk. He is not only president of the GSAAM, but also a member of the German Menopause Society and a doctor of nutritional medicine. The titles of his book publications are also impressive: “Living 15 years longer”, “Relaxed through menopause” or “Losing weight with Sirtfood”. Dr. Kleine-Gunk works as a gynecologist at the Metropol Medical Center in Nuremberg.

What do you think of modern methods of anti-aging medicine?

There are indeed always new technologies, in the USA, for example, you can have plasma transfused from teenagers for thousands of dollars. But actually the basis of anti-aging is what our grandmothers have always told us: Stop smoking, exercise more, and eat up your vegetables.

So is personal lifestyle more important than modern high-tech procedures?

Absolutely. Good examples of this are so-called twin studies, twins who have the same genes but live under different conditions. It has been found that genetics is only 30 to 40 percent of how we age, but lifestyle is 70 to 80 percent.

Forever young – What role do weight and diet play?

Basically, as an anti-aging measure, it is important to avoid being overweight. However, the positive news is: at the age of 50plus, the ideal weight is not necessarily a body mass index (body weight in kg divided by height in m squared) of 20 to 21 as previously postulated, but 25 to 27. A few extra pounds in old age are therefore quite desirable.

What exactly should the diet look like?

MacaronsThere is much to be said for reducing carbohydrates in the diet, selecting fats and protein selectively and avoiding sugar to a large extent, because sugar makes you old.

Can you explain this in more detail?

We know that sugar makes you fat and is bad for your health. But not everyone is aware that sweet temptations also cause wrinkles. In the meantime, not only nutrition experts but also dermatologists are warning against too much sugar consumption. Because: sugar accelerates skin aging. Sugar molecules that are ingested through food (as sugar or carbohydrates) attach themselves to the elastin fibers in the tissue, chain themselves there and cause the fibers to stiffen, the skin loses its tone and elasticity. This process is also known as glycation.

What do you think about diets?

They are clearly counterproductive. Out of 10 people who have reduced their weight with a diet, nine have their original weight back after one year or even weigh more than before the diet. That is a relapse rate of 90 percent. My provocative statement on this: Obesity is therefore more difficult to treat with diets than cancer.

What to do?

The only way to do it is through a mix of long-term dietary changes combined with targeted muscle building, because muscles still burn calories even when at rest.

And what foods do you recommend?

Basically, losing weight is more than just eating less. Most nutrition experts seem to agree on one point: To become slim, one should mainly rely on foods that cause insulin levels to rise only slowly. With most carbohydrates the opposite is the case, which leads in the long term to an insulin resistance of the body cells and means that the sugar remains in the blood. The body in turn converts this sugar into fatty acids, which then end up as fat on the hips.

Photos: Private, Allie Smith