Acne treatment for women
Although acne is usually associated with hormonal fluctuations during puberty, hormonal acne can affect adult women of any age, hence the name late-onset acne. A number of factors are responsible, including menstruation and menopause. The most important info about acne treatment in women.
It is estimated that 50 percent of women between the ages of 20 and 29 have acne. About 25 percent of women between the ages of 40 and 49 are still affected by it, so this form of acne is also called late acne or adult acne. Here are tips for acne treatment.
Expert opinions on hormonal acne are divided. Some believe that hormonal imbalance leads to acne only when there is an underlying condition. Others believe that late acne is always related to hormonal problems, but these are often not measurable.
Characteristics of hormonal acne in women.
During puberty, hormonal acne often occurs in the T-zone. This includes the forehead, nose and chin.
Hormonal acne in adults typically forms in the lower part of the face. This includes the underside of the cheeks and the jawline.
In some women, hormonal acne manifests as blackheads and pimples that develop into cysts. Cysts form deep under the skin.
Acne can result from hormonal surges with the following causes:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Increased androgen level
These hormone fluctuations can cause or exacerbate acne problems and cause inflammation of the skin, increased sebum production in the pores, clogging of hair follicles with dead skin cells, and proliferation of acne-causing bacteria.
Adult acne during menopause
For many women, menopause begins in their forties and fifties. This is when reproductive hormones decline and menstruation stops.
Some women experience acne during this time. This is due to a decrease in estrogen levels or an increase in androgenic hormones such as testosterone.
Even if these women use hormone replacement therapies to relieve their menopausal symptoms, acne may occur. This is because some hormone replacement therapies use a supply of the hormone progestin to replace the estrogen and progesterone that the body loses.
Adult acne due to stress
When women are under stress or have other psychological problems, it leads to an increased release of the hormones adrenaline and cortisol. This stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. In addition, stress makes the immune system less effective at fighting off bacteria on the skin.
Even if the acne is not very severe, over-the-counter products are usually not successful. This is because hormone-related acne often takes the form of cysts. These form deep under the skin, out of reach of most topical medications.
Oral medications can work from the inside out to balance hormones and clear the skin. Common options include oral contraceptives and antiandrogens.
The retinoid adapalene
When hormone-related acne is not too severe, retinoids for topical use can be very effective. One of the most popular retinoids is the well-tolerated adapalene. The best-known drug containing adapalene is Differin.
The use of Differin cream with adapalene consists of applying the cream thinly to the affected areas of the skin before going to bed. Adapalene also acts against wrinkles by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
Often, herbal treatments can help treat mild adult acne in women. The following active ingredients have proven particularly effective:
- Tea tree oil inhibits inflammation. It is contained in many skin care products, but is also available as an essential oil.
- Alpha hydroxy acids are plant acids found in citrus fruits. They help remove dead skin cells that clog pores. They are contained in many masks and creams.
- Green tea also inhibits inflammation.