Information, known and hitherto unknown about Nibiru.
Nibiru, also known as Marduk, 12th planet or Planet X, first came into the Earth's solar system far back before recorded history -- even before the formation of the Earth itself. If truth were to be known (and it will be) the formation of the Earth as it is today is due to the influence of this occasional interloper to this solar system.
How did Nibiru first come into this system? Though it is commonly believed and indicated in some of the ancient writings that it was a natural part of this system that merely has a very long orbital path, (more than 3600 years).
In fact it was brought into this system by a group of beings who prided themselves, albeit arrogantly, to be the "creators and farmers of life in the universe." These people, who later told humans to call them Annuniki, were at the time a race with great power of and supernatural means. They were not physical in the sense that humans understand. Though they exist in this physical dimension, they do not have what could be truly called a physical form. Surely not the same as your body is. They were also a people with far too much self-importance and each of their accomplishments fed their skewed pride until such a time as they decided to create a whole living planet by themselves.
This solar system was the place where they choose to attempt their grand folly. The star was constant and established and the magnetic forces of the other gas giants, (Jupiter and Saturn) would make for a stable area between them and the sun where life could take hold, if there was a planet in place.
At the time, there were the outer planets of the Sol system. The inner planets had not evolved past bare rocks or molten asteroids yet and there was no life, as humans generally understand life, in this system. The Annuniki believed if they could create a planet, or bring one into the system, then they could put it into place and then create life on it. To them, with all their successes and with all their pride, it was an ultimate challenge they could not resist.
In an attempt to create an inhabitable planet in the Sol system, they attempted to navigate a planetary mass that they felt had the potential to bear life into the Sol system. They did this with a mixture of technology and supernatural powers they possessed. They started with a moon from the other planet Neptune. Slowly they moved it towards the center of the solar system.
Unfortunately, they underestimated the gradational pull of Uranus, and the moon crashed into Uranus with such force that it not only created a phenomenally huge crater on the face of the planet, but the force was sufficient to knock Uranus off its axis, and to this day it rotates on its side, perpendicular to all other planets in the system.
This first attempt was scrapped and another moon was chosen. This time in order to counter the pull of Uranus and any pull from other planets, the next moon chosen was mostly ice so its density could be controlled by melting water as needed. Also it was made to spin opposite of the rest of the natural turn of the planets in the Sol system, moreover, it was moved into the solar system in an orbit contrary to the rest of the system.
With the new spin, ice and orbit along with the lessons learned from the first failed attempt, this moon was slowly but surely navigated past the gas giants and into the inner area of the solar system.
Once they passed the last of the gas giants, they believed they were sure there was no way they could fail. They concluded that in order to be "gods" to their soon to be creations, they would need to be close to their new creation. So, in their arrogance, almost all of them, enmasse, decided to transfer their consciousnesses to the new moon, which they dared to call Nibiru "Giver of life".
Since they were not physical in the sense that they needed to have physical sustenance and provisions, they were happy enough to live on this barren, ice covered world. But once again their superciliousness nature caused them grief. No one believed that they could make such a small mistake of numbers, and before they knew it, their beloved Nibiru was on a collision course with a dead rock of a planet revolving around the sun.
There was much debate about how to avoid the collision, but it was all for naught. The two heavenly bodies collided in a fury.
Because the small rock world (earth) was rotating with the proper rotation of the center sun, and was also orbiting in the proper magnetic direction, its gradational pull overpowered that of the interloping moon whose rotation and orbit were contrary to the established norm. When the dust settled, so to speak, Nibiru was far smaller, as the material that made it up, particularly the ice, super heated in the collision and remained with the small rock world. Thus, water came to the Earth.
The collision caused many things to happen.
The sheer force of the impact so close to the gravitational and magnetic center of a solar system did not simply destroy one object and knock the other off track as it had in the outer reaches of the solar system with their first attempt. The force was so great, the gravitational influences so strong, and coupled with the intense psychic energies the Annuniki were exerting, the results were astounding. Nibiru was instantly thrown into an orbital abnormality that not only sent it plummeting through space, but also through dimension.
The Annuniki, along with their dear creation, Nibiru, were sent on an incredible elliptical journey that takes them through space, time, dimensions and realities.
Luckily for the Annuniki, they are beings who can exist in the type of environment created by such a journey - that being no heat, sunlight, water etc. Also, because of their non-physical status, Annuniki are very long-lived beings. Their lifespan is many, many hundred times longer than a human beings'. This is a good thing because with an orbital path as long as they one they are on, it gives them some inkling of continuity.
Over time, Nibiru has returned in its journey around our sun. Sometimes when it has passed planet Earth, Annuniki have "jumped off", if you will, and visited the Earth. Sometimes they make short visits while their planet is in the area. Sometimes they stay for whole revolutions. Some are here right now.
The confusing part comes into play because Nibiru is still traveling through dimensions, time and space as it rotates around the sun. Sometimes when it has passed Earth, although it was close by, perhaps even passing through, it has been in an alternate dimension and was not seen, felt or even suspected. The only proof that it could have been near, would be, if you looked, a jump in the ideas, technology or consciousness of man, caused by Annuniki visitors interactions and inspirations.
Other times, it has come by and been in this dimension, or one close enough that its bizarre course through the solar system cased problems that effected the world in a physical way, just as any solid body passing so close would.
The orbit is about 3669 years, but because in other dimensions it can move quicker or slower, this is extremely subject to change. In general it is within 200 years of this time. Nevertheless, because it can make this orbit totally unseen by the earth due to its location in dimension or realm at the time of its passing, it will often only be known by those who can see into these other dimensions.
This pass will not be in this dimension. Even though Nibiru may show up in close dimensions as it approaches, so that sometimes it can be seen on photographs, it has been concluded that it will not be in a position to show (be seen) or even to cause problems with the earth until it passes again in about 7400 years from now.
That said, it must be noted that when it does get close enough for the next wave of Annuniki to "jump over" to the Earth, be sure they will. And with that will come great change.
Origins of the rings of Uranus and Neptune 1. Statistics of satellite disruptions
Stochastic simulations of the collisional fragmentation of the small moons of Neptune and Uranus confirm the conclusions of Smith et al. [1986, 1989] that many of these moons cannot have survived intact since the end of planetary formation. We perform two types of stochastic simulations of the collisonal history of small moons. Monte Carlo simulations in which only the largest surviving fragment from each disruption is followed show bimodal probability distributions for the size of the largest fragment. Once the moon is destroyed the first time, the collisional cascade to smaller sizes proceeds relatively quickly. A Markov chain approach allows us to follow the size distribution from each disruption to arbitrarily small sizes. These simulations show that the more numerous smaller fragments can outlive the largest fragment followed in the Monte Carlo formalism.
We find that the evolution of moon populations from catastrophic fragmentation is more complex than can be described by a simple break-up ‘‘time scale.’’ We rederive cratering rates using the method of Smith et al. [1986, 1989] for all the satellites of Uranus and Neptune with an improved crater scaling and modified impactor distributions.These changes produced a higher number of predicted craters larger than the radii of the small moons of Uranus and Neptune than derived by Smith et al. [1986, 1989]. Our more detailed simulations of the catastrophic fragmentation process also show a higher rate of disruptions than estimated by Smith et al. [1986, 1989].
The smallest observed moons at Uranus and Neptune have calculated lifetimes against catastrophic fragmentation of less than 5×108 years. If we require that half the mass of a satellite is given escape velocity we find lifetimes for Cordelia (1986U7), Naiad (1989N6), and Thalassa (1989N5) of 9×108, 2×109, and 4×109 years, respectively. We conclude that we are observing a collisionally evolved small satellite population around Neptune and Uranus and that some observed moons are gravitationally bound rubble piles that have undergone multiple disruptions. In order for the satellites to be primordial the population of planet family comets in the outer solar system would have to be smaller than current estimates by at least a factor of 5.
Uranus was discovered in 1781 by William Herschel. Herschel was doing a survey of bright stars looking for evidence of stellar parallax. He didn't find any parallaxes (the first parallax measured for any star was about 50 years after this). But he *DID* discover a faint, blue resolved object. It was not a star, and Herschel was a good enough observer to realize it was not a star. It was a new planet.
It is a cautionary tale to note that there are at least 17 surviving examples of star charts made by astronomers before 1781 that show Uranus on them. But in each case, it was mis-identified as a blue star.
Uranus is about four times the radius of Earth, and about 15 times the mass of Earth. It is so far from the Sun that its orbital period is about 84 years. But the most remarkable gross physical property of Uranus is that it is tipped over on its side. The inclination of its rotational axis to its orbital plane is about 98 degress (compared to 23.5 degrees for the Earth). This means that for about a quarter of each orbit a given pole is pointing more or less straight at the Sun. So Uranus probably has some pretty peculiar seasons.
Why is Uranus tipped over on its side? We don't really know, of course. But the currently favored answer (this shouldn't surprize you, if you've been paying attention) is that something really big slammed into it a long time ago. In this case "really big" means something about Earth-sized.
That atmosphere of Uranus is similar to that of both Jupiter and Saturn:
5% in H2O, CH4, NH3 and traces of other stuff
Like the other Jovian planets, the density of the atmosphere increases with depth until it liquifies.
Unlike Jupiter and Saturn, there is no obvious cloud structure to the atmosphere of Uranus. This is because the atmosphere is simply too cold for the sort of strong turbulence that causes the cloud structure we see on Jupiter and Saturn. But there is a belt/zone circulation pattern that becomes apparent when the Voyager images are heavily color-enhanced. And there is even some weak evidence for clouds. The cloud is that small streak at about 1 to 2 o'clock.
The fact that the belt/zone circulation pattern exists at all on Uranus is very interesting. Because it means that the primary driver of this sort of circulation is the planetary rotation rather than the nature of the Solar heating. This must be so because of the strong tilt of Uranus's rotation axis.
The interior of Uranus is a bit more complicated than that of Jupiter or Saturn. The density is considerably higher (about 1.3 g/cc on average). The mass is much lower, so the central density must be lower. This only makes sense if the composition of Uranus includes a much higher fraction of heavy elements than that of Saturn or Jupiter.
There is an outer layer of liquid H2 and He. Inside this, there is a mantle that is a mixture of volatiles ("icy material") and refractory elements (rocky material). And there is a solid core of heavy elements (rocky material plus iron). The core is solid, and the internal pressure is nowhere high enough to produce liquid metallic H2.
One of the really big surprizes of the Voyager 2 fly-by was that, despite this, Uranus has a substantial magnetic field (about 0.75 the strength of Earth's). And the really odd thing is that the magnetic field axis does not go through the center of the planet. It is both tilted (by about 60 degrees), and off-set (by about 0.3 planetary radii).
Now, one reason humans put these remote planetary probes out there is to surprize ourselves. And it sure worked this time. But about 15 years have passed since the Voyager 2 fly-by, and we've had a chance to puzzle this one out. The solution appears to be that the magnetic field isn't generated in the core. It's generated by liquid (and conductive -- don't use an electric razor in the bathtub!) H2O and NH3 in the mantle. That's why the field axis is offset.
Because there is a magnetic field, it turns out we can see evidence for aurorae in the Sun-facing polar regions. The magnetic field also allowed us to measure a good rotation period for Uranus (given the lack of visible atmospheric structure, the faintness of the planet, and the fact that it's been nearly pole-on to us for the last 30 years made that difficult to do otherwise). The rotation period ois about 17.25 hours. This fits in well with the observe oblateness, and composition.
Evolution of Uranus
Uranus has a far lower fraction of its mass in H2 and He than do Saturn and Jupiter. Thus it must have formed more slowly than they did. And, given its place in the Solar System, that much makes sense. There was less material in the Solar Nebula that far out in the Solar System, and Uranus moves more slowly in its orbit. But the problem is models indicate it would form TOO slowly. That is, if you try to make a planet that big, that far out in the Solar Nebula, the Nebula disperses before you have much of a planet. Now, we know Uranus is there, so it MUST be possible for it to form. Current models for its formation (and that of Neptune as well) argue that it was more likely to have formed much closer to the Sun -- somewhere between the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, and then got gravitationally scattered out to its present orbit by Jupiter.
Uranus has a ring system. Like Jupiter's, it is faint and the rings are narrow. The rings were detected in 1977 by stellar occultation. A bright star was going to pass behind Uranus. As this star was monitored before the occulation, its brightness dropped and came back up several times. It was being partly occulted by the rings. We couldn't actually image the rings until the Voyager 2 fly-by. There are ten known major rings, but like Saturn, they are actually composed of many ringlets. The ring material is actually quite dark. It shows up best when it is back-lit. This indicates the rings are composed of small particles. The particles have a very low albedo (about 0.04 - roughly that of soot). They are probably rock/ice particles in which the methane ice (CH4) has been photoreduced a amorphous carbon (that is, soot) by Solar UV radiation.
It is impossible for the rings to be stable structures in and of themselves. Something must be maintaining them unless we got very lucky to catch them before they dissipated. And we think we know what maintains them. Shepherd moons. These are small satellites in orbits that cause them to pull material into orbits between them, and stabilize that material. We see them in some cases. We just suspect they must be there in others.
There are 5 large moons, and at last count 16 tiny ones (including several Shepherd Moons). The five large ones (all known before the Voyager 2 fly-by are named after sprites from The Tempest:
The other tiny moons are very dark, much like the ring particles. The interpretation is the same - that the surfaces of the the small moons are coated with amorphous carbon from the photoreduction of methane.
The five large moons are all differentiated bodies, with rocky interiors and icy mantles. Oberon and Umbriel are both dark, and heavily cratered. Titania is of interest because, even though it is heavily cratered, it has no large craters. This would seem to imply that it was resurfaced just after the phase of really heavy bombardment. Lots of objects have struck it since then, but no really large ones.
Ariel has a relatively smooth and bright surface. It also has many very large cracks or channels on its surface. These all indicate that the surface is comparatively young. There may be an orbital resonance at work here that puts sufficient energy into Ariel that it can be resurfaced periodically.
Miranda is too weird for words. It has been seriously messed with. It has many seeminly impossible geologic features. Including the cheveron, a cliff that is at least 3 miles high, and a stunning collection of grooves and cracks. Early interpretations of Miranda focused on the idea that something smashed it to rubble soon after it formed, but did not hit it hard enough to disperse it. Thus it reassembled itself due to self gravity. A more recent model is that these features are due to slow surface convection. But we really don't understand this one.